7月18日雅思大作文真题参考范文 | 提高车价和油价是解决交通和污染问题的最好办法吗?_cars

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发布时间:2020-07-24 17:16

2020年7月18日

雅思大作文题目

提高车价和油价是解决交通和污染问题的最好办法吗?

Increasing the price of cars and petrol is one of the best ways to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

解析&审题

题材:交通+环境

题型:做......最好的办法是......

关键词:price of cars and petrol + traffic problem + pollution problem

需要讨论的观点:提高车价和油价是不是解决交通和污染的最好办法

复现情况: 2018年3月10日、2017年1月21日、2016年1月30日

本次考试重复的是2018年3月10日的考题,与2016年1月30日、2017年1月21日的考题也高度相似,都要求讨论某种办法能否有效解决城市交通和污染问题。

本题的命题模式为: “......是解决......的最好办法,你是否同意?”,面对这种“手段-目的”关系的题目时,我们要尽量避免一边倒的思维方式,也就是不宜绝对认可手段与目的之间的逻辑关联,也不宜绝对否认。通常的做法是:

1. 承认某个手段对实现特定目的会起到积极作用;

2. 分析这个手段可能引发的副作用;

3. 提出其他可能更好的手段。

本次考题提出的解决办法则是提高车价和油价。那么,面对这个问题,我们应该如何思考呢?唐老师觉得还是应该双边讨论:即首先讨论提高车价和油价的确有助于解决交通阻塞问题和污染问题 (本次考试题目中提到了污染,写作时一定不要忘记!),然后提出这并不是最有效的办法,因为提高车价和油价一方面会对很多行业产生负面影响,另一方面对那些的确需要用车的人来说也是不公平的。因此,解决交通和污染问题的最有效的办法应该是多修路,并提高人们遵守交通规则的意识,通过远程办公等方法减少人们用车的机会,并积极开发对环境更为友好的替代能源(比如光能)等。

高分范文

Recently, it is proposed that the price of cars and petrol be increased to combat the growing traffic and pollution problems. While I think this proposal may be helpful to a certain extent, it is far from the best solution.

Undoubtedly, the increased price of cars and petrol will discourage people from owning and using their own cars, which will surely contribute to the solution of traffic congestion and make big cities cleaner. Our modern lifestyle has made cars indispensable, but in many cases we can use public transport services such as buses and metro, or even ride bicycles, rather than driving our own cars. So if driving our own cars were made a great deal more expensive than using the public transport, many of us would very probably give up driving and opt for the more economical means. As a result, the road conditions and air quality in cities will be improved.

However, increasing the price of cars and petrol may cause unexpected problems. For one thing, it is not fair to those who depend their life on driving cars. Taxi drivers, for instance, may fall victim to this policy because the cost of their operation will go up and they can make less money out of this business. For another, as the higher price of cars and petrol prevents people with average income from driving their cars, it can do nothing to those really wealthy. Then we will face an awkward situation where the rich people enjoy the luxury of cars while most others have to suffer in the crowded public transport.

Therefore, to deal with the traffic and pollution problems, increasing the price of cars and petrol is not enough. The best thing for the government to do is perhaps make more investments on the construction of new roads, and introduce stricter traffic laws, rules and regulations. Meanwhile, if new environmentally friendly energy such as solar energy were developed and widely used, the pollution problem would also be effectively lessened.

老师笔记

01

Recently, it is proposed thatthe price of cars and petrol be increased to combatthe growingtraffic and pollution problems. While I think this proposal may be helpful to a certain extent, it is far fromthe best solution.

最近,有人提议提高汽车和汽油的价格,以解决日益增长的交通和污染问题。虽然我认为这一建议可能在一定程度上有所帮助,但它远非最好的解决方案。

解析

(1) 本文的开头采取开门见山的办法,并表明自己的观点。

(2) It is proposed that... 有人建议......

(3) Combat 解决;对付

(4) Growing 不断增长的;日益严重的

(5) Far from 远非

02

Undoubtedly, the increased price of cars and petrol will discouragepeople fromowning and using their own cars, which will surely contribute tothe solution of traffic congestionand make big cities cleaner. Our modern lifestyle has made cars indispensable, but in many cases we can use public transport services such as buses and metro, or even ride bicycles, rather than driving our own cars. So if driving our own cars were made a great deal more expensive than using the public transport, many of us would very probably give up driving and opt forthe more economicalmeans. As a result, the road conditions and air quality in cities will be improved.

毫无疑问,汽车和汽油价格的上涨将阻止人们拥有和使用自己的汽车,这肯定会有助于解决交通拥堵,并让大城市更清洁。我们的现代生活方式使汽车变得不可或缺,但在许多情况下,我们可以使用公共交通服务,如公共汽车和地铁,甚至骑自行车,而不是驾驶我们自己的汽车。所以如果驾驶我们自己的汽车比使用公共交通工具贵得多,我们中的许多人很可能会放弃驾驶,选择更经济的手段。结果,城市的道路条件和空气质量将得到改善。

解析

(1) 本段讨论汽车和汽油价格上涨的确可以有效改善交通和环境。

(2) Undoubtedly 不容置疑的是......

(3) Discourage...from... 阻止......做......

(4) Contribute to... 有助于......

(5) Congestion 堵塞

(6) Indispensable 不可或缺的

(7) Opt for 选择......

(8) Economical 省钱的;经济的

03

However, increasing the price of cars and petrol may cause unexpected problems. For one thing, it is not fair to those who depend their life on driving cars. Taxi drivers, for instance, may fall victim tothis policy because the cost of their operation will go up and they can make less money out of this business. For another, as the higher price of cars and petrol prevents people with average income from driving their cars, it can do nothing to those really wealthy. Then we will face an awkward situationwhere the rich people enjoy the luxuryof cars while most others have to suffer in the crowded public transport.

然而,提高汽车和汽油的价格可能会引起意想不到的问题。首先,这对那些靠开车为生的人是不公平的。例如,出租车司机可能沦为这个政策的牺牲品,因为他们的运营成本会上升,他们从这个生意中赚的钱就会更少。另一方面,汽车和汽油价格的上涨让挣钱不多的普通人普通人无法开车,但对那些真正富有的人却没有任何用处。这样,我们将面临一个尴尬的局面:富人享受开汽车的奢华,而大多数其他人则不得不在拥挤的公共交通中受罪。

解析

(1) 本段讨论提高汽车和汽油价格可能带来的两个问题:第一,让有些行业的人挣钱更少;第二,让贫富差距更明显。

(2) For one thing... For another... 其一......;其二......

(3) Fall victim to... 沦为......

(4) An awkward situation 一个尴尬的局面

(5) Luxury 奢华

04

Therefore, to deal with the traffic and pollution problems, increasing the price of cars and petrol is not enough. The best thing for the government to do is perhaps make more investments on the constructionof new roads, and introduce stricter traffic laws, rules and regulations. Meanwhile, if new environmentally friendly energysuch as solar energy were developed and widely used, the pollution problem would also be effectively lessened.

因此,应对交通和污染问题,提高汽车和汽油的价格是不够的。政府最应该做的也许是 投入更多来建设新道路,出台更严格的交通法律、法规和条例。同时,如果开发和广泛应用太阳能等新的环境友好型能源,污染问题也会得到有效的缓解。

解析

(1) 本段提出新的办法:建新道路,制定新法规,开发新能源。

(2) Construction 建设

(3) Environmentally friendly energy 环境友好型能源

(4) Lessen 缓解

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