Part 1 儿童活动介绍
1. discount price: 26.65 per day
2. activity depends on the weather
3. ticket not including the lunch
4. bring clothes, such as trousers and jackets
5. location: beside the lakes
6. activity: different types of climbing
7. activity: mountain bike
8. activity: riding motor, organization will provide a helmet
9. 不能使用long stick
10. race is not allowed
Part 2 新西兰海岛旅游
11. the first people live on the island
12. What is abundant on the island
13. Who firstly built the museum
14. Which nationality comes to this place most?
C. New Zealander
15. Why the island became famous
C. various styles of buildings
16. champion building: A. school room
17. XXX house: E. old washing machine
18. Goodwin building: B. clothing shopping
19. Keane House: F. local shop
20. Kidley building: D. transport
Part 3 尼日利亚非洲艺术
21.why they chose the Nigeria African arts for this presentation topic
B. visited exhibitions
22.What kind of sculpture does he like most?
23.Where did he get money for this field trip?
A. from an art organization
24. What the highlight of this trip that impressed him most?
B. talked to a professor
25-26. What parts should he make revision for next draft
A. enlarge photos
D. the techniques
27-28. what researches should he spend more time on?
B. additional information about the surrounding
D.beliefs of locals
29-30. what will be more specified in the future?
A. data for...subjects
D.sources of material
Part 4 员工缺席
31. absence is sometimes caused by factors in gender
32. it is also a result of employees’ attitude
33. the culture of certain companies leads to a high absence rate
34. sometimes it is also caused by external factors
35. absenteeism phenomenon is detrimental to the whole industry
36. a larger size of the workforce is needed to make up the missed work.
37. it also reduces groups’ efficiency at work
38. key employees’ absence may result in a big financial loss
39. it brings more benefits to both the individuals and organizations absence rate is controlled
40. companies can dismiss the people who have a high absence rate
Rich countries often give financial aid to poor countries, but it does not solve poverty. So rich countries should give other types of help to poor countries rather than financial aid. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
There is an assumption that developed countries should provide their impoverished equivalents with alternative aid instead of economic assistance. However, I would say it is a generalized statement that ignores the discrete need of individual countries.
It is not difficult to understand why non-financial support is more recommended for international charity. It is true that many conundrums in less well-off countries cannot be addressed by money, such as the civil wars in some African countries and the poverty in North Korea caused by UN sanctions. For such problems, alternative options such as political negotiation seem to be more a fundamental solution.
The problem with the aforementioned reasoning, from my perspective, is that it would be oversimplified to deny the value of monetary charity based on particular circumstances. It doesn’t make sense to venerate either charity scheme over the other without taking into account the discrete need of the recipient countries. Researches show that the most frequently mentioned causation behind poverty and hunger is the backward economy. In this respect, it is difficult for me to see any solutions more pragmatic and effective than financial assistance, whether the money be used for public welfare or invested in industries to generate new job opportunities. One convincing example is the prosperity in China for the past decades, with the very catalyst behind the boom being the international fund from the global community.
It is my conclusion therefore, the means of global charity is not a black and white issue – it is simplistic to prioritize any modes over the other without scrutinizing the specific condition of the recipient country.
Public welfare 公共福利