《7.12&7.16&7.19大陆线下GRE考试真题回顾+详细思路解析》.pdf_and

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发布时间:2020-07-24 17:16

7月复考至今已经考完了三场线下GRE考试,虽然咱们全程班参加考试的学生不多,但基本每一场考试都会命中原题,咱们的学员也尽量给大家回忆出了最新的考场真题,咱们老师对回忆出来的真题进行了详细的解析,并给出了具体的解题思路,希望对接下来考试的小伙伴有所帮助~

P.S.:以下回忆每个部分的题目咱们至多给出3道解析,想要看完整版的小伙伴,

后台回复:719

然后按照提示免费领取哟~

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7.12日大陆考试真题回顾

🍓Because archaeology explores the most profound changes in human history by means of a grossly incomplete record; it has invited the sort of bold, imaginative interpretation in which speculation too easily becomes _____ evidence.

A:replaced by
B:constrained by
C:untethered from
D:divorced from
E:substituted for
F:constricted by

🍉 思路:通过because 和分号整体前后取同,空格在后,去前面找,因为改变通过grossly incomplete record(负)的方式 ,所以bold, imaginative interpretation(正) 的推论没有根据,正确答案选 CD 选项。untethered from 从、、脱离,divorced from 与…分离的。

🍑 翻译:因为考古学上用来探索最深刻的在人类历史上的变化是基于及其不完整的记录,这就 需要大胆且富有想象力的解释来进行理解,这些猜测因为没有足够的证据容易变得与现实脱离。

🍓It is plausible to regard a collection of letters spanning youth and old age as (i)_____ of autobiography: the precession of characters who inhabit a life and a chronology of incidents turn up reliably in either form. Yet autobiography, even when ostensibly steeped in candor, tends toward (ii)_____ through later perspectives, afterwords, and second thoughts, whereas letters have an undeniable (iii)_____, offering select glimpses of the fraught and living moment.

Blank (I) Blank (II) Blank (III)
A:an

approximation

D:

concision

G:

sensitivity

B:a

precursor

E:

reconsideration

H:

immediacy

C:the

antithesis

F:

sensationalism

I:

formality

🍉 思路:第一空根据冒号后 turn up reliably in either form 推出这两个体裁有相似的地方,所以第一 空选 A 选项,approximation 接近。第二空则是通过后面的 later perspectives, afterwords, and second thoughts 这些词告诉我们应该选一个不是第一时间的东西,所以第二空选 E 选项, reconsideration 重新思考。 第三空从 whereas 转折,所以第三空填入第二空的反义,所以答 案选 H 选项,immediacy 立即性。

🍑 参考翻译:一个跨越青年和老年的信件的收集是自传的近似作品:生活中的人物的进化和事件的以时间顺序任何形式地出现都应该是可靠。然而,自传,即使表面上是坦率的,也倾向于通过后来的观点、以后和第二思想重新考虑,而信件有一个不可否认的即时性,提供了那时为生存和生活而奋斗的真实的东西。

🎄阅读部分

🍓A plant-based automobile fuel has just become available in Ternland. A car can be driven as far on a gallon of the new plant-based fuel as a car can be driven on a gallon of gasoline, but a gallon of the plant-based fuel both costs less and results in less pollution. Therefore, drivers in Ternland who switch to it will reduce the amount they spend on fuel in a year while causing less environmental damage.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument relies?

A. There is no expense associated with operating an automobile that is higher when the automobile uses the plant-based fuel than when it uses gasoline.
B. Automobiles that have been operated using the plant-based fuel can no longer be operated using regular gasoline.
C. The environmental damage attributable to automobiles is due almost entirely to the production and combustion of fuel automobiles use.
D. The advantages of the plant-based fuel over gasoline will not lead those who switch to the plant-based fuel to do more driving.
E. Most drivers in Ternland will switch from gasoline to the plant-based fuel.

🍉 思路:题目要求找论证基于的假设。

文章理由是:新型植物汽车燃料比传统汽油更高效,环境污染更少,价格也更便宜。

结论是:司机转用新型植物汽油的话, 能降低每年燃油花费, 还能减少环境破坏。一个论证需要我们找假设,其实就是该论证要成立还缺了点东西,也就是还有个漏洞没填上。要堵上本论证的漏洞,必须要保证新燃料的优点不会导致司机开车开得更多,开车总距离不变。所以选D ,D选项使用植物燃料的优点不会导致那些改用植物燃料的人更多地开车,指出该被忽略变量不应有不利变化。是文章推理基于的假设。

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7.16日大陆考试真题回顾

维夕500机经exercise9

🍓Scientists reported last month on a sign of relative solar ______: the solar wind, a rush of charged particles continually spewed from the sun at a miles an hour, had diminished to its lowest level in 50 years.

A:quiescence
B:turbulence
C:isolation
D:calm
E:remoteness
F:instability

🍉 解题思路: 空格在冒号前,冒号前后整体取同,后面说solar wind had diminished to its lowest level in 50 years,降低到最低值,所以空格选体现“lowest” 的词,正确答案选 AD 选项。quiescence 静止,calm 平静。

🍑 参考翻译:科学家们上个月报道了一个太阳静止的迹象;太阳风,太阳表面一小时行进百万里的 不断扫过的一群带电粒子,已经削减到其五十年内的最低量。

新新500exercise20,第6题

🍓Industry sponsored scientific research on chemical safety often (i)_____. Media reports regularly imply that industry support of scientific work is alone sufficient to (ii)_____ that research. Even though the source of funding has been determined to be a less significant cause of bias than other factors, industry support suffices, in the minds of many people, to (iii)_____ the credibility of scientific work.

Blank (I) Blank (II) Blank (III)
A:uncovers

risks

D:fund G:adopt
B:elicits

skepticism

E:vindicate H:vitiate
C: promotes

innovation

F:invalidate I:bolster

答案:BFH

🍉 思路:从第三空入手比较好,even though the source of funding has been determined to be a less significant cause of bias than other factors 尽管资金的来源不是偏见的重要原因(让步),但仍然会、、科学研究的可信度(说明这个资金来源不好),三空选vitiate损害,而且前面没有否定词,说明这几句话都是对indutry support不好的(会影响可信),所以第二空选择invalidate(证明…错误);第一空也选负面词elicits skepticism(引起怀疑。)

🍑 参考翻译:产业支持的化学安全相关的科学研究经常会引起怀疑,媒体的报到经常表明产业支持 科学研究单独就能足够去破坏那个研究。尽管资金的来源比起别的因素已经被认为是一个不 怎么重大的导致这种偏见的原因,但是产业支持在很多人心中已经足够损害科学研究的可信度。

🎄作文部分

Argument(高频提纲)

🍓The following appeared in a memorandum from the manager of WWAC radio station. "To reverse a decline in listener numbers, our owners have decided that WWAC must change from its current rock-music format. The decline has occurred despite population growth in our listening area, but that growth has resulted mainly from people moving here after their retirement. We must make listeners of these new residents. We could switch to a music format tailored to their tastes, but a continuing decline in local sales of recorded music suggests limited interest in music. Instead we should change to a news and talk format, a form of radio that is increasingly popular in our area."

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

🍉 思路:为了扭转观众流失的局面,WWAC 的老板们决定必须要摒弃目前的摇滚乐风格。尽管我们广播区域内人口增加,收听人数依然下降,但增加的人口主要是一些退休后 移居本地的居民。我们必须要抓住这些新的听众,我们可以转变音乐风格来迎合他 们,但最近本地音乐销量的持续走低表明他们对音乐没什么兴趣。所以,我们可以变为在本地越来越受欢迎的新闻谈话类的节目形式。

1. rock music销量走低不代表大家不喜欢音乐,有可能是互联网冲突,有可能是唱片销售大环境不好。

2. 谈话类的节目不一定适合WWAC电台;这个电台可能和这个地区的其他的电台不同,不适合做谈话类节目。

3. 人们不收听WWAC不是因为rock music,可能是别的原因,比如广告太多,时间太晚或者同时段有新的更吸引的电视节目等等,所以即使换了谈话类的节目,也不一定会导致节目收听增加。

Issue(高频提纲)

🍓Colleges and universities should require their students to spend at least one semester studying in a foreign country.

学员或大学应该要求学生在国外至少留学一个学期。

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.

🍉 思路:

1.当今出国留学已成为一股热潮,增长知识、丰富阅历、感受文化、培养独立能力、增长见识。

在美国的8年间,李彦宏先生先后担任了道·钟斯公司高级顾问,《华尔街日报》网路版即时金融咨询系统设计者,以及国际知名互联网企业-INFOSEEK资深工程师,是新一代互联网技术领域的权威专家。

李彦宏最新创建了ESP技术,并将它成功的应用于INFOSEEK/GO.COM的搜索引擎中。

GO.COM 的图像搜索引擎是他的另一项极其具有应用价值的技术创新。

2.提供机会,人人出国太片面,没必要人人都出国,有些专业出国给学生自身的提升带不来什么提升。Even without learning abroad, the neocolonialism is still there. The only approach to emerge with it.

3.不可盲目出国。正确定位,选择最适合的方式。家庭负担,缺少自控,与人交际缺乏,性格孤僻,不学无术,有些学生因为要适应环境,或者无法适应环境,不但沒有学到预想的知识,还浪费了大好青春。

总说:当今出国留学已经成为一股热潮,为了有一个更全面更综合的发展。

论点 1:出国留学的好处

1-1.培养自己独立生活的能力与性格,离开家离开父母,很好的人格锻炼

1-2.体验不同种类的文化,开拓自己的视野

1-3.能为未来的工作汲取更先进的知识,最近几年中国开启外国留学人员人才引进,美国有更先进的科技,有助于推进国家的发展

论点 2:出国留学带来的问题?

2-1.不是每个家庭都能承受的住经济开销的

2-2.出国面临各种 cultural shock 对于适应能力不好的人来说会导致心理问题,还不如不出

03

7.19日大陆考试真题回顾

新新500题机经 Exercise 13

🍓Three of the nation’s largest airlines could be operating under bankruptcy protection in coming weeks, analysts say, the latest sign of the industry’s __ as it lurches through a historic transformation.

A:upheaval
B:exorbitance
C:affluence
D:peril
E:convulsion
F:opulence

🍉解题思路:空格对应前文的 bankruptcy 和 historic transformation,句中只说了这个航空公司的 破产,那么正确答案选 AE 选项。upheaval 大变动,convulsion 动乱。

🍑参考翻译:这个国家的三大航空公司在未来几周内的破产保护下运作,研究称,最新发生的行业动乱是它倾斜向一个历史变化。

🎄阅读部分

维夕阅读机经252篇 Exercise 8(4人考到)

🍓As of late 1980s, neither theorists nor large-scale computer climate models could accurately predict whether cloud systems would help or hurt a warming globe. Some studies suggested that a four percent increase in stratocumulus clouds over the ocean could compensate for a doubling in atmospheric carbon dioxide, preventing a potentially disastrous planetwide temperature increase. On the other hand, an increase in cirrus clouds could increase global warming.

That clouds represented the weakest element in climate models was illustrated by a study of fourteen such models. Comparing climate forecasts for a world with double the current amount of carbon dioxide, researchers found that the models agreed quite well if clouds were not included. But when clouds were incorporated, a wide range of forecasts was produced. With such discrepancies plaguing the models, scientists could not easily predict how quickly the world’s climate would change, nor could they tell which regions would face dustier droughts or deadlier monsoons.

1. The author of the passage is primarily concerned with

A:confirming a theory
B:supporting a statement
C:presenting new information
D:predicting future discoveries
E:comparing points of view

文章首段陈述一个问题:理论家和大型计算机气候模型都不能预测云系统对 气候变暖的作用.不同的研究之间结论不一致. 第二段进一步步通过包括十四个模型 的研究细述问题,并没有给出解决方案。

1题答案:B

🍉思路:文章首旬可以看作statement,后文都是细述、 支持该陈述。

A选顶theory不准确,theory通常有个明确观点;C文章没有new information;D文章无预测;E文 章有对比,但是对研究结果的对比,不是对观点的对比。

最后强调一次哟,以上仅为部分回忆和解析,想要看完整版的小伙伴,

后台回复:719

然后按照提示免费领取哈~

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